What is major depressive disorder (depression)?
Major depressive disorder, also known as clinical depression or simply depression, is a frequent disorder of mood/temper, in which a person’s daily life is primarily disturbed by intense sadness, melancholy or desperation/despair.
It affects almost every aspect of our life and mentality, since it begins with our thoughts and mood and it ends having an impact on the body (gastrointestinal disorders, breathlessness, tachycardia, headache). To be more specific, the person feels that he can’t fulfil his desires or he has no desires at all, that he is not capable of accomplishing his goals and finally he is not capable to cope with his social encounters.
We may talk about a clinical case if the symptoms are evident for at least 2 weeks and they show changes from the previous level of functionality.
Which people develop this disorder more often?
Depression is more often in women than in men in a 2:1 ratio. Major depressive disorder may occur as a single episode in a person’s life or it can relapse, while it affects 7-18% of the population at some point in their life, before the age of 40. Considering various epidemiological surveys, we may say that depression appears in specific population groups (people with heredity, people with other mental disorders etc.)
Depression and Sinouri
In Sinouri Clinic, the scientific staff’s main purpose is to offer superior health services aiming at faster and more effective mental rehabilitation of the patients. Therefore our medical team is chosen with strict criteria, in order to provide integrated solutions and recovery in every form and depressing symptom.
Which are the symptoms of depression?
- Persistent sad mood
- Lack of interest or pleasure in every day activities including sexual contact
- Reduced energy, fatigue
- Disorders of sleep and appetite
- Feeling of guilt
Can depression be treated?
Depressive episodes can be cured at a percent of 70-80% of patients. The most effective approach is that of combining pharmaceutical and psychotherapeutic interventions. In Sinouri Clinic, the support we offer is:
- Psychopharmaceutic treatment
Personalized medication, tailored to the particularities of each incident, with a view to maintaining the patient’s functionality. Each patient is treated exclusively in dose and suitability of each medication.
- Psychopharmaceutic treatment
The effective treatment of depressive patients requires a holistic approach. Psychotherapy is necessary and crucial in treating the disease and, depending on its severity, it can be additionally applied to the pharmaceutical treatment. The purpose of psychotherapy is to help the patients change the way they manage the difficulties of everyday life, stress and in the same time it contributes to increasing self-esteem and more effective processing of painful personal experiences.
The most effective approaches of therapy for clinical depression are:
- Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy. The patient along with the therapist learn to identify negative thoughts which produce negative feelings and behavior of denial and inactivity. Then they replace them with alternative creative thoughts which lead to positive emotions and behaviors.
- Systemic family psychotherapy, where the patient can find new roles of existence through interaction according to his own choices a thing which will lead to a more functional way of living.
Frequently Asked Questions
Since someone has depression should they take obligatory medication?
In depression, unlike other mental disorders, the patient has perception of his condition, so the proposed medication aims at the functionality and maintenance of vividness of the patient. They are called antidepressants and not psychiatric drugs.
It has been 10 days that I feel terrible. Do I have depression?
It is an evolving mental disorder. The symptoms may have an increasing trend. Therefore, if you notice any symptoms that resemble to the aforementioned and they have the same intensity for a long time, then you should contact to a neurological clinic.
Are diet and sleep directly related to depression?
Nutrition is associated with depression at the point of anorexia. Usually, patients with depression do not eat and sleep well. They have frequent sleep interruptions. Up to now it is not clear whether a certain food is capable of reducing a depressive episode.
In a while I cut off my medication and the symptoms are back again. Why?
You should keep in mind that a temporary deterioration is far from total resettlement of the problem. If something like this is happening, then we have two possible scenarios. 1) medication was inadequate or not properly selected by your doctor. 2) you have interrupted your psychotherapeutic approaches with your psychiatrist or psychologist.